NET Core 6 Dependency Injection console program

C# | Dependency Injection with Code Example - YouTube

BuildServiceProvider

Check this link for Microsofts explanation of the Dependency Injection framework. You can easily use the .NET Core 6 Dependency Injection container in your (console) program. Add the package Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection.

Create an instance of the ServiceCollection class and add your dependencies to this container.

# nullable disable
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;

// Create the service container
var builder = new ServiceCollection()
    .AddSingleton<Application, Application>()
    .AddSingleton<IAppConfig, AppConfig>()
    .BuildServiceProvider();

Application app = builder.GetRequiredService<Application>();

interface IAppConfig
{
    string Setting { get; }
}

class AppConfig : IAppConfig
{
    public string Setting { get; }

    public AppConfig()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("AppConfig constructed");
    }
}

class Application
{
    IAppConfig config;
    public Application(IAppConfig config)
    {
        this.config = config;
        Console.WriteLine("Application constructed");
    }
}

Host.CreateDefaultBuilder

You can also make use of the Host.CreateDefaultBuilder method to create a default generic HostBuilder. This HostBuilder contains several default dependencies. Some of the more often used dependencies are shown in the picture below.

Use the code below for a minimal setup of your (console) program with the Default builder

# nullable disable
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;

var host = CreateHostBuilder(args).Build();

Application app = host.Services.GetRequiredService<Application>();

static IHostBuilder CreateHostBuilder(string[] args)
{
    return Host.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
        .ConfigureServices(
            (_, services) => services
                .AddSingleton<Application, Application>()
                .AddSingleton<IAppConfig, AppConfig>());
}

interface IAppConfig
{
    string Setting { get; }
}

class AppConfig : IAppConfig
{
    public string Setting { get; }

    public AppConfig()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("AppConfig constructed");
    }
}

class Application
{
    readonly IAppConfig config;
    public Application(IAppConfig config, ILogger<Application> logger)
    {
        this.config = config;
        logger.Log(LogLevel.Information, "Application constructed");
    }
}
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