Category Archives: SoapUI

Test a WCF service with SOAPUI

With help of SOAP UI you can easily test your webservices. In this pos tI’m going to test a WCF web service (yes MS WCF; not my favourite company and technology but anyway….)

First create your webservice. Within Visual Studio goto File -> New Project . Choose Visual C# and select  WCF Service Application

Create new project

Now start your project by pressing F5; the service, together with the WCF Test Client, will start and there are two methods available on this service:

GetData and  GetDataUsingDataContract

The WCF Test client

Play around with the WCF Test Client to get the idea of how this works. Next we will install SOAP UI. Download your copy here. Install SOAP UI using the default settings.

After installation start SOAP UI and create a new project. Goto File -> New soapui Project . Fill out the dialog as shown below (don’t forget to add the ?wsdl ):

 Press Ok; a new soapui project will be created. See the image below:

Now you can execute the same request as the WCF Test Client did; but there is more; much more!

Right click on the WCFTestService1 and choose New TestSuite.

Press OK. Right click on TestSuite 1 and choose New TestCase:

Press OK. Right click on Test Steps choose Add step and then Test request.

Press OK. Choose the operation you want to test:

Press OK. On the next screen leave things as suggested

Press OK. Your first test request is added to the TestCase.  By double clicking the TestCase 1 item and pressing the play button the test will be excuted. As you expected the test will succeed and a green icon is shown right before the test request entry:

Now lets add some testdata to the request. Place the following XML in the test request XML window. First select the xml view:

Now paste the XML below into the request:

Now you can add assertions to your test script to make sure the operations works the way you want. For example lets assert that the GetDataResult field contains the text “You entered: 3”. Press the plus sign next to the play button:

Select the SOAP response assertion:

Give the assertiona unique name:

Type the text you want to look for in the response.

Now if you execute the request it will still succeed because the request contains the number three. Change this number to, for example 4, and you will see that the assertion fails.

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SoapUI Exception: Address already in use: connect

Load testing with SoapUI

soapUI_header_logoWhen load testing with SoapUI this exceptions, SOAP UI Exception: java.net.BindException: Address already in use: connect, may occur on a windows based system. It typically is thrown when testing a service with a lot of request in a short amount of time.

To prevent this exception from being thrown you can change the TcpIp parameters in the windows registry:

Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMCurrentControlSetServicesTcpipParameters
Add a new DWORD key with the name “MaxUserPort” and a decimal value of 65534.

See also here

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SoapUI and WCF Service testing

Test with SoapUI: modify the generated web.config

soapUI_header_logoThe web.config that is create when you create a new WCF service application does not work with SoapUI. Retrieving the WSDL will work fine but when you execute a operation on the service the following message will appear:

A solution to this problem (at least for testing purposes) is to add a custom wsHttpBinding. Create a new WCF Service application C# project. Delete all text from the web.config and add replace it with the markup below.

Important to note is that we have a custom wsHttpBinding with the security mode set to “None”. This is necessary for SoapUI to work with this service!

Now you have to create a new SoapUI project. Point it to the ?wsdl for this services and the project is created with a default request for all operations. Open the first request and press the WS-A button (on the bottom of the request editor). Check “Enable WS-A addressing”, “Add default wsa:Action” and “Add default wsa:To”.

Now execute the request and you get a proper response!

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