Category Archives: Uncategorized

ASP.NET Error message Unable to connect to web server ‘IIS Express’

When you get the error “Unable to connect to web server ‘IIS Express’ you probably try to start the website with a port that is in an excluded port range

Unable to connect to web server ‘IIS Express’

List the excluded port ranges with the command below:

netsh interface ipv4 show excludedportrange protocol=tcp

Sample output may look something like this:

Now to change the port for your web site right select the dropdown right to the IIS Express label

Then select [YOUR PROJECT] debug properties and change the port on the properties page (highlighted below)

Change debug settings for project

Read data from smartmeter with nodejs

Install the necessary node modules and read data from your P1 cable connected to your smartmeter. Includes CRC checking of received packages.

const SerialPort = require('serialport')
const InterByteTimeout = require('@serialport/parser-inter-byte-timeout')
const port = new SerialPort('/dev/ttyUSB0')

const parser = port.pipe(new InterByteTimeout({interval: 100}))

table = [
0x0000, 0xc0c1, 0xc181, 0x0140, 0xc301, 0x03c0, 0x0280, 0xc241,
0xc601, 0x06c0, 0x0780, 0xc741, 0x0500, 0xc5c1, 0xc481, 0x0440,
0xcc01, 0x0cc0, 0x0d80, 0xcd41, 0x0f00, 0xcfc1, 0xce81, 0x0e40,
0x0a00, 0xcac1, 0xcb81, 0x0b40, 0xc901, 0x09c0, 0x0880, 0xc841,
0xd801, 0x18c0, 0x1980, 0xd941, 0x1b00, 0xdbc1, 0xda81, 0x1a40,
0x1e00, 0xdec1, 0xdf81, 0x1f40, 0xdd01, 0x1dc0, 0x1c80, 0xdc41,
0x1400, 0xd4c1, 0xd581, 0x1540, 0xd701, 0x17c0, 0x1680, 0xd641,
0xd201, 0x12c0, 0x1380, 0xd341, 0x1100, 0xd1c1, 0xd081, 0x1040,
0xf001, 0x30c0, 0x3180, 0xf141, 0x3300, 0xf3c1, 0xf281, 0x3240,
0x3600, 0xf6c1, 0xf781, 0x3740, 0xf501, 0x35c0, 0x3480, 0xf441,
0x3c00, 0xfcc1, 0xfd81, 0x3d40, 0xff01, 0x3fc0, 0x3e80, 0xfe41,
0xfa01, 0x3ac0, 0x3b80, 0xfb41, 0x3900, 0xf9c1, 0xf881, 0x3840,
0x2800, 0xe8c1, 0xe981, 0x2940, 0xeb01, 0x2bc0, 0x2a80, 0xea41,
0xee01, 0x2ec0, 0x2f80, 0xef41, 0x2d00, 0xedc1, 0xec81, 0x2c40,
0xe401, 0x24c0, 0x2580, 0xe541, 0x2700, 0xe7c1, 0xe681, 0x2640,
0x2200, 0xe2c1, 0xe381, 0x2340, 0xe101, 0x21c0, 0x2080, 0xe041,
0xa001, 0x60c0, 0x6180, 0xa141, 0x6300, 0xa3c1, 0xa281, 0x6240,
0x6600, 0xa6c1, 0xa781, 0x6740, 0xa501, 0x65c0, 0x6480, 0xa441,
0x6c00, 0xacc1, 0xad81, 0x6d40, 0xaf01, 0x6fc0, 0x6e80, 0xae41,
0xaa01, 0x6ac0, 0x6b80, 0xab41, 0x6900, 0xa9c1, 0xa881, 0x6840,
0x7800, 0xb8c1, 0xb981, 0x7940, 0xbb01, 0x7bc0, 0x7a80, 0xba41,
0xbe01, 0x7ec0, 0x7f80, 0xbf41, 0x7d00, 0xbdc1, 0xbc81, 0x7c40,
0xb401, 0x74c0, 0x7580, 0xb541, 0x7700, 0xb7c1, 0xb681, 0x7640,
0x7200, 0xb2c1, 0xb381, 0x7340, 0xb101, 0x71c0, 0x7080, 0xb041,
0x5000, 0x90c1, 0x9181, 0x5140, 0x9301, 0x53c0, 0x5280, 0x9241,
0x9601, 0x56c0, 0x5780, 0x9741, 0x5500, 0x95c1, 0x9481, 0x5440,
0x9c01, 0x5cc0, 0x5d80, 0x9d41, 0x5f00, 0x9fc1, 0x9e81, 0x5e40,
0x5a00, 0x9ac1, 0x9b81, 0x5b40, 0x9901, 0x59c0, 0x5880, 0x9841,
0x8801, 0x48c0, 0x4980, 0x8941, 0x4b00, 0x8bc1, 0x8a81, 0x4a40,
0x4e00, 0x8ec1, 0x8f81, 0x4f40, 0x8d01, 0x4dc0, 0x4c80, 0x8c41,
0x4400, 0x84c1, 0x8581, 0x4540, 0x8701, 0x47c0, 0x4680, 0x8641,
0x8201, 0x42c0, 0x4380, 0x8341, 0x4100, 0x81c1, 0x8081, 0x4040

parser.on('data', (data) => {

        let packet = data.toString('utf8');
        let lines = packet.split(/\r\n|\n|\r/);

        if (lines[0].indexOf('/Ene5\\T210-D ESMR5.0') === 0) {

                let crc = 0;

                for (var i = 0; i < data.length - 6; i++) {
                        crc = (crc >> 8) ^ table[(crc ^ data[i]) & 0xff]

                let packetCrc = parseInt('0x' + lines[lines.length - 2].substring(1));
                if (crc == packetCrc) {
                        for (var i = 0; i < lines.length; i++) {

Linux ls – first directories than files

If you would like to list directories first and than the files with the linux ls command you would have to execute the following ls commandGIT logo
ls -l –group-directories-first

The –group-directories-first  takes care of showing the directories first and than the files.

My favorite ls  alias is (add / change it in your .bashrc ):

ls -AlF --group-directories-first --color=auto
# -A => do not show the implied . and .. directories
# -l => use a long listing
# -F => appends an indicator to entries (a / for a directory)

Get certificate information with openssl

To display certificate information of a certificate issue the command below:

openssl x509 -in certificate -text

Information about the certificate is displayed. Some important items are:

Issuer: C=GB, ST=Greater Manchester, L=Salford, O=COMODO CA Limited, CN=COMODO RSA Domain Validation Secure Server CA

The Issuer is a CA that signed this certificate.

            Not Before: Feb  6 00:00:00 2015 GMT
           Not After : Feb 26 23:59:59 2016 GMT

The validity period of the certificate. Remember to renew your certificate before it expires!

Subject: OU=Domain Control Validated, OU=PositiveSSL,

The subject for this certificate. This certificate can be used for a website for the given CN.