Monthly Archives: December 2015

SPF and DNS configuration

I recommend that you create a Sender Policy Framework (SPF) record for your domain. An SPF record is a type of Domain Name Service (DNS) record that identifies which mail servers are permitted to send email on behalf of your domain.SPF configuration

The purpose of an SPF record is to prevent spammers from sending messages with forged From addresses at your domain. Recipients can refer to the SPF record to determine whether a message purporting to be from your domain comes from an authorized mail server.

You can also lookup and test your SPF settings here.

So how do you add a SPF record to your domain. Well that is easy. A SPF record is nothing more than a TXT record in your DNS administration.

For a mail server the following DNS entries are defined:

SPF record in DNS

As you can see there is a SPF record on the subdomain mail. A mail server that is receiving email from your domain retrieves the SPF record for your domain and verifies that the sending IP is auhtorized (by the SPF record) for this action.

The headers below of an email message show a domain without a SPF record:

As you can see there is no SPF record defined. You can verify this with the host command:

Now after adding an SPF record to the domain and sending a new message (wait a while for the changes to take effect in the global DNS systems) headers are as shown below (send to a hotmail account):

The SPF check is now passed. Also the output of the host -t txt command  should now give you the TXT SPF record.

Also be sure to edit your /etc/mailname  to reflect the name of your server on an Ubuntu distribution.